West African Gold Images and Attributions


The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

- [Ancient Lyre Website](https://www.ancientlyre.com)

- [Michael Levy's Youtube Channel](https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCJ1X6F7lGMEadnNETSzTv8A)

- [Michael Levy's Spotify](https://open.spotify.com/artist/7Dx2vFEg8DmOJ5YCRm4A5v?si=emacIH9CRieFNGXRUyJ9)

[Check out Michael’s new album here!](https://open.spotify.com/album/6JR9aABOWMwTa5TsZpEyFS?si=HU15jgeTTZmmsEnaEF1qvg)



Artisanal subsurface mining in Tanzania

By Hans Erren - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=85851432

Idealised portrait of the last Inca ruler Atahualpa

Museum, B. (2016, March 16). Atahualpa. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/4647/atahualpa/

Portuguese Colonial Empire in the Age of Exploration

Netchev, S. (2021, May 29). Portuguese Colonial Empire in the Age of Exploration. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/14123/portuguese-colonial-empire-in-the-age-of-explorati/

Gao & the Niger River

Dicko, U. P. (2019, February 20). Gao & the Niger River. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/10127/gao--the-niger-river/

Territory of the Songhai Empire

By HetmanTheResearcher - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=143758809

Map of the Mali Empire, c. 1337 CE

Moss, G. (2019, February 20). Map of the Mali Empire, c. 1337 CE. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/10129/map-of-the-mali-empire-c-1337-ce/

Djinguereber Mosque, Timbuktu

Dormino, U. P. (2019, February 20). Djinguereber Mosque, Timbuktu. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/10126/djinguereber-mosque-timbuktu/

Musa depicted holding a gold coin in the 1375 Catalan Atlas

By attributed to Abraham Cresques - This file comes from Gallica Digital Library and is available under the digital ID btv1b55002481n, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=43589121

The Mighty Moorish Empire of North Africa, South West Asia, Iberian Peninsula and The Americas

By HistoryNmoor - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=44492837

Almoravid Gold Coin

Museum, T. B. (2019, May 12). Almoravid Gold Coin. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/10615/almoravid-gold-coin/

A scale or balance is often used to symbolise a merchant

By Overview, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=302812

Venatio, Gladiator and Lion in the Colosseum

By Studio artist of Firmin Didot - Photograph of an Oil Painting, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=87055498

Higher class Roman men

By by Albert Kretschmer, painters and costumer to the Royal Court Theatre, Berlin, and Dr. Carl Rohrbach. - Costumes of All Nations (1882), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=73285690


By This file was donated to Wikimedia Commons as part of a project by the Metropolitan Museum of Art. See the Image and Data Resources Open Access Policy, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=115708819

Phoenician-Punic Ship

NMB, . (2016, March 31). Phoenician-Punic Ship. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/4818/phoenician-punic-ship/

Voyage of Hanno the Carthaginian Explorer

Bourichon, . (2016, June 22). Voyage of Hanno the Carthaginian Explorer. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/5255/voyage-of-hanno-the-carthaginian-explorer/

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